Titanium offers a high strength to weight ratio and superb corrosion resistance. Manufacturers use this tough metal widely as a constituent in components manufactured for the military, aviation, aerospace, medical, and consumer industries.
Manufacturers regularly require high-quality titanium parts made to their specifications.
Zhejiang Xinwo Precision Co Ltd to assist you in obtaining excellent custom titanium parts: We offer a variety of services of interest to customers seeking these highly specialized components.
Titanium: Short History and Refining Process
Manufacturers produce so many different types of customized titanium parts that it’s almost impossible to list all of them.
Although it occurs widely in the Earth’s crust in a number of different minerals, titanium only became commercially available comparatively recently. Chemist Matthew Hunter refined metallic titanium for the first time in 1910.
Mining companies extract titanium primarily from two minerals: ilmenite and rutile. During the 1930s, William Justin Kroll developed the Kroll Process to generate pure titanium for commercial use. It still provides the most popular way to process titanium.
Previously refined only in limited quantities, in this century, titanium alloys have become more widely available in the marketplace. After crushing the ore in a coke furnace filled with chloride, foundries create titanium tetrachloride.
The manufacturer condenses this material into a liquid form, before mixing it with molten magnesium. To prevent contact with oxygen and reduce the potential for explosions, this final step usually occurs in an argon gas environment.
The foundry heats the molten metal to high temperatures over the course of several days, allowing the magnesium to react with the chloride. Eventually, this process results in the generation of magnesium chloride and pure titanium.
Types and Grades of Titanium
Today, the ASTM International Materials Specifications standards provide detailed criteria for grading commercially available titanium metals. Different manufacturers employ various grades of titanium to produce customized parts. The intended purpose of a component usually influences the selection of the specific grade.
In the United States, both titanium and titanium dioxide occur extensively in customized products. A few of the most popular grades of pure titanium on the marketplace today include:
- Grade 1: A soft, ductile titanium offering excellent corrosion resistance.
- Grade 2: A stronger titanium product which also supplies excellent corrosion resistance.
- Grade 3: One of the strongest widely available types of pure titanium.
- Grade 4: Pure titanium offering high strength but low ductility.
- Grade 7: A pure form of titanium widely used in desalination plants (resembling Grade 2). It furnishes sought-after corrosion resistance properties.
Additionally, manufacturers widely use titanium today as an alloy in numerous commercially available metals, particularly in conjunction with aluminum.
Reasons to Use Titanium Parts
Why do manufacturers around the world frequently request titanium parts? The physical properties of this metal make it an excellent alloy for use in numerous manufactured goods. It displays nonmagnetic and non-allergenic properties.
The strength of titanium, coupled with its ability to resist harsh environments, contributes to its value in a variety of settings. Strong demand for titanium and titanium alloys occurs within the military, aviation, aerospace, maritime, medical, drilling, power, and consumer goods sectors.
For example, when manufacturers anticipate that equipment will sustain heavy wear or corrosive abuse, then the addition of titanium alloy constituents may hold benefits by helping to promote longer product lifespans.
Additionally, titanium dioxide has achieved wide demand as a product additive in numerous items.
Some authorities estimate only 5% of the total world production of titanium contributes to metal products. The bulk of titanium available in the commercial marketplace occurs in the form of titanium dioxide pigments so widely used in paints, cosmetics, pharmaceutical products, and consumable goods.
Titanium Custom Part Applications
For many years, this metal (in conjunction with aluminum) has frequently formed parts used in airplanes, satellites, rockets, submarines, and missiles. All these products benefit from this metal’s high strength-to-weight ratio and its corrosion resistance properties. Defense contractors around the globe design products using titanium and titanium alloy parts, in fact.
This metal has also recently reportedly found a role in some components utilized in nuclear waste storage and desalination plant facilities. In both cases, titanium offers some resistance against certain types of corrosion, plus impressive strength.
While every mechanical part will eventually wear out, items formed from titanium tend to enjoy longer anticipated useful lifespans than comparable parts crafted from weaker metals, such as aluminum.
Since titanium offers strength but does not cause allergic reactions in most living organisms, it also plays an important role in medical and dental settings. High-quality joint replacement implants frequently utilize titanium.
These products benefit from the metal’s ability to withstand sudden fractures. Biomedical manufacturers strive to design permanent implants using non-allergenic materials that will not require surgical removal.
During recent years, companies manufacturing jewelry, golf clubs, and luxury cars have also begun using titanium and titanium alloys. The metal’s high strength and its resistance to harsh or corrosive environments make it a sought-after material. For example, it sometimes contributes to automotive frameworks.
Most Popular Titanium Custom Parts Applications
As a metal, titanium has become a very popular alloy because its properties include very high strength, coupled with excellent corrosion resistance. It has a variety of commercially useful forms: bars, wire, pipe, plate, tubing, sheets, forgings, and more.
Zhejiang Xinwo seeks to assist customers by selecting the best available grades of pure titanium and titanium alloys to meet a customer’s unique product requirements.